We all take our power for granted. Just plug something into the socket on the wall and hey presto, it works. But what would happen in the face of a major power outage caused by anything such as an natural disaster or god forbid, a sophisticated computer hack that shut down the national grid? Here is where you have to start thinking ahead and contemplate the idea of installing an independent source of power generation and one way to combat this would be to install an off grid power generator. Generally ran off diesel fuel, they are complex pieces of machinery but are relatively cheap to buy and easy to run and could be a life saver in an emergency. Here is how generators UK work, explained in relatively easy language.
Firstly, what we are essentially looking at here is the creation of energy. Now, there are many different types of energy but the one we are interested in here is electrical energy and we are trying to ‘create’ this by converting a different kind of energy, mechanical, into that electrical energy. Create is not really the correct term as what it does is more like force the electricity to be produced through a process of induction. For this principle we have the famous physicist Michael Faraday to thank. He discovered way back in the 19th century the principal of electromagnetic induction in which electric particles forced through a conductor, usually copper, surrounded by a magnetic field forces these particles together thus creating an electric current.
There are a number of components to a generator which all have to be present to make this process work. First of all you need to create the mechanical energy and this is usually done by an engine which will obviously need a fuel source, in most cases diesel fuel. They can also be run off propane or natural gas, but diesel or gasoline are more common. Next, it uses an alternator which works much on the same principles as the one on your car. It is this device which contains the wires and magnets that convert the electric charges generated by the mechanical energy into the constant flow of electrical current required.
Finally you need a voltage regulator. This is important as depending where you are or how much power you require you will need to adjust your output to suit. The power generated by your alternator is known as alternating current (AC) and your regulator will convert it to what is known as direct current (DC) which is what we require to run all of our basic necessities. So that is basically how generators operate.